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International Congress Amnesties and Transitional Justice: limits in the light of International Law

May 21 - 22 | 2018 | JAÉN

Academic congress

Amnesties and Transitional Justice: limits in the light of International Law

One of the main challenges of the post-conflict processes is aimed at obtaining long-term peace, as basis for the national reconciliation. In this context, States have historically resorted to grant amnesties, but not without controversy. And, although they are expressly recognized in Protocol II Additional to the Geneva Conventions relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts, undoubtedly their recognition has not an absolute and unrestricted nature. So, in the establishment of their limitations, it is essential for the legislator to take into account the commitments that were internationally taken on for the protection of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law. By introducing, likewise, measures for the comprehensive reparation for victims of gross human violations and protection of future human generations.

It is very important to achieve a reasonable degree of accuracy when it comes to classify and prioritize cases under investigation, prosecution and sanction in amnesty processes. This is essential to guarantee the necessary balance between Peace and Justice. This is also demanded by the principle of legal certainty, as a list of excluded cases about the benefits of the amnesty reduces the uncertainty and political instability, generated by the review of tragic events in periods of conflict and dictatorships. On the basis of the above arguments, it appears to be a timely moment to reflect (especially due to the State practice) upon the limits of the amnesties in the light of International Law, wondering if up to the present day they are still constituting a proportional and appropriate measure for intended purposes.

Coordinator

Prof. Dr. Víctor Luis Gutiérrez Castillo

Head of the Department of European Common and Public Law Coordinator of DECOMESI (Research Group “European Common Law and International Studies”) University of Jaen

Scientific committee

Víctor Luis Gutiérrez Castillo

(University of Jaen)

Olga Martín Ortega

(University of Greenwich, UK)

A-L. Chaumette

(Paris Ouest-Nanterre University, France)

Fannie Lafontaine

(Laval University, Canada)

Jacobo de Los Ríos

(University of Perpignan Via Domitia, France)

Who should attend

Graduate students and undergraduate students of the University
Experts in Law and Political Science
General Public

Information and Registration

A prior registration will be required if you wish to participate at the Congress as attendees or for the presentation of communications (sending the following registration form via e-mail until April 15, 2018). From April 15, 2018 a current account will be open in this website, so that those pre-registered people could pay the registration. The deadline for the registration is May 15, 2018. The registration will entitle to the presentation of communications according to the following fees:
– 20 € for members of the University of Jaén
– 20 € for unemployed
– 40 € regular fee

 IBAN: ES87 3067/0109/32/1150653127 concept “Tasas Congreso Amnistías”.

Oral communication sessions

All interested participants could submit their papers as oral communications (written in Spanish, English or French) at the time of registration.

All interested in the presentation of communications shall comply with the following conditions:

a) Each author could submit only one contribution, either individually or in group. In the case of communications in group, no more than two authors will be accepted and both should be already registered.

b) For the presentation of communication texts the authors should be previously registered, having paid the corresponding registration fee.

c) The communication texts should be sent at the time of the registration, filling out the registration form available for that purpose and which should include a summary of your text with a
length from 1000 to 2000 signs (including spacing), font Times New Roman 12, single space.

Lecturers

Pablo Antonio Fernández Sánchez

Catedrático de Derecho internacional Público. Universidad de Sevilla

Alicia Moreno Pérez

Abogada. Miembro de Rights International Spain

Wagner Menezes

Prof. Dr. en la Universidade Sao Paulo (Brasil)

Manuel Ollé Sesé

Abogado y Prof. Universidad Complutense de Madrid

José Ricardo de Prada Solaesa

Magistrado de la Sala de lo Penal de la Audiencia Nacional (España)

Valentín Bou Franch

Catedrático de Derecho Internacional Público y Relaciones Internacionales Universidad de Valencia

Fannie La Fontaine

Chaire de recherche du Canada sur la justice internationale pénale et les droits fondamentaux / Co- directrice Clinique de Droit international pénal et humanitaire Université de Laval (Canadá)

Ángel Sánchez Legido

Profesor Titular del Área de Derecho Internacional público de la Universidad de Castilla La Mancha

Guillermo Portilla Contreras

Catedrático de Derecho Penal de la Universidad de Jaén

Carlos Fernández Liesa

Catedrático de Derecho internacional Público y Relaciones Internacionales Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Antonio Muñoz Aunión

Prof. Dr. Derecho Internacional Público de la Universidad Autónoma de Chile (Chile)

Daniel A. Patricio González Stier

Prof. de Derechos Humanos Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina)

Isabel Clemente Batalla

Prª. Dr. del Programa de Estudios Internacionales de la Universidad de La República (Uruguay)

Elisabeth Villalta

Miembro del Comité Jurídico de la Organización de Estados Americanos Embajadora de El Salvador

Magdalena M. Martín Martínez

Catedrática de Derecho Internacional Público y Relaciones Internacionales Universidad de Málaga

Víctor M. Sánchez Sánchez

Director del Master de Democracia y Derechos Humanos de la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya

Álvaro Gil Robles

Antiguo Presidente de la Comisión Europea de Derechos Humanos del Consejo de Europa Miembro del Comité de Escogencia Proceso de Paz de Colombia

Víctor Luis Gutiérrez Castillo

Director del Departamento de Derecho Público y Común europeo Universidad de Jaén

Program schedule

“Salón de Grados II”. Building C1

Monday, May 21, 2018

ACTO

Opening

OPENING

Profª. Dr.ª Isabel Ramos

Mrs. Dean of the Faculty of Law and Social Sciences. University of Jaen

Prof. Dr. Víctor Luis Gutiérrez Castillo

Head of the Department of European Common and Public Law. Coordinator of DECOMESI Group (European Common Law and International Studies). University of Jaen

HOUR

12:00

PLACE

“Salón de Grados II”

Building C1

EVENT

Opening session

OPENING SESSION

Álvaro Gil Robles

Former Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe. Former National Ombudsman of Spain  Member of Selection Committee for the Colombian Peace Process

Proceso de Paz y Justicia Transicional en Colombia

(Peace Process and Transicional Justice in Colombia)

HOUR

12:30

PLACE

“Salón de Grados II”

Building C1

EVENT

First Panel Discussion

FIRST PANEL

Amnesties and transitional Justice processes: historical development and legal basis

Moderator: Pablo Antonio Fernández Sánchez

Full professor of public international law. University of Sevilla


Lectures

Víctor M. Sánchez Sánchez

Director of the Master’s Degree in Democracy and Human Rights of the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya.

Fundamentos históricos de las amnistías

(Historical basis of the amnesties)


Alicia Moreno Pérez

Lawyer. Member of Rights International Spain


Valentín Bou Franch

Full Professor of Public International Law and International relations. University of Valencia

Las amnistías en la jurisprudencia del Tribunal especial de Sierra Leona

(Amnesties in the Jurisprudence of the Special Court for Sierra Leone)


Magdalena M. Martín Martínez

Full Professor of Public International Law and International relations. University of Málaga

Crímenes internacionales de violencia sexual y justicia transicional

(International crimes of sexual violence and Transitional Justice)

HOUR

15:30

PLACE

“Salón de Grados II”

Building C1

Discussion

Discussion and oral communication session

Moderator: Juan Luis Jiménez Ruiz

Prof. Dr. of Public International Law University of Jaen

19:30

“Salón de Grados II”

Building C1

Tuesday, May 22, 2018

EVENT

Framework session

FRAMEWORK SESSION

Elisabeth Villalta

Miembro del Comité Jurídico de la Organización de Estados Americanos. Embajadora de El Salvador

Las amnistías en el Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos

(Amnesties in the Inter-American System of Human Rights)

HOUR

9:45

PLACE

“Salón de Grados II”

Building C1

EVENT

Second Panel

Second Panel Discussion

Amnesties and their limits: state and jurisprudential praxis

Moderator: Wagner Menezes

University of São Paulo. Brazilian Academy of International Law (Brazil)


Ponencias

Isabel Clemente Batalla

Prof. Dr. of the International Studies Program at the University of the Republic (Uruguay)

Justicia transicional y restauración democrática en Uruguay

(Transitional Justice and Restoration of Democracy in Uruguay)


Daniel A. Patricio González Stier

Prof. of Human Rights. University of Buenos Aires (Argentina)

Memoria, Verdad y Justicia en la República Argentina

(Memory, Truth and Justice in the Republic of Argentina)


Antonio Muñoz Aunión.

Prof. Dr. Public International Law of the Autonomous University of Chile (Chile)

Chile 25 años de democracia bajo una sutil impunidad

(Chile 25 years of Democracy under a subtle impunity)

HOUR

10:15

PLACE

“Salón de Grados II”

Building C1

Debate

Discussion and oral communication session

Moderator: Carmen Vallejo Peña

Adjunct Prof. Dr. of Public International Law. University of Jaen

13:00

“Salón de Grados II”

Building C1

EVENT

Conferencia marco

FRAMEWORK SESSION

Carlos Fernández Liesa

Full Professor of Public International Law and International Relations. University Carlos III of Madrid

La Guerra Civil española y el ordenamiento jurídico internacional

(The Spanish Civil War and the international legal order)

HOUR

15:30

PLACE

“Salón de Grados II”

Building C1

EVENT

Third panel

Third Panel

Discussion Transitional Justice and international crimes: the Spanish case

Moderator: Mr. José Ricardo de Prada Solaesa

Senior Judge in the Criminal Division of the National Court of Spain Judge for the United Nations Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals Foreign jurist in the Colombian Special Jurisdiction for Peace


Guillermo Portilla Contreras

Full Professor of Criminal Law at the University of Jaén

El Derecho Penal de autor durante el franquismo. La represión de masones, comunistas y homosexuales

(Offender-based Criminal Law during the Franco regime. Repression of Freemasonry, Communism and Homosexuality)


Ángel Sánchez Legido

Professor of the department of Public International Law at the University of Castilla-La Mancha

El declive de la jurisdicción universal

(The decline of Universal Jurisdiction)


Manuel Ollé Sesé

Adjunct Prof. Dr. of International Criminal Law. Complutense University of Madrid

La Justicia universal en la práctica: avances, obstáculos y retrocesos

(The Universal Justice in practice: advances, obstacles and setbacks)

HOUR

16:00

PLACE

“Salón de Grados II”

Building C1

EVENT

Closing session

CLOSSING SESSION

Profª. Drª. Fannie La Fontaine

Canada Research Chair on International Criminal Justice and Fundamental Rights/Director of the International Criminal and Humanitarian Law Clinic. Laval University (Canada)

El árbol del olvido: las diferentes ramas de la Justicia en periodos de transición

(The tree of forgetfulness: the different branches of Justice during the transitional periods)

HOUR

19:30

PLACE

“Salón de Grados II”

Building C1

Event Organizer

Partners

 

How to get

Location university of Jaen

The University of Jaen is located in the northeast of the city, on the old road from Madrid to Jaen. From the centre of Jaen, you can take buses no. 4, 7, 9, 12, 14, 17, or just walk (It’s only 20 minutes stroll at leisurely pace). Once at the UJA Campus, international students should go to Building C2, 1st floor (Edificio Bachiller Pérez de Moya), and meet one of the University of Jaen international relations members.

Accommodation booking

The city of Jaen has hotels and lodgings available to those interested in staying overnight, at different prices:

Youth Hostel (https://www.inturjoven.com/albergues/jaen/albergue-inturjoven-spa-jaen)

Hotel Infanta Cristina (http://www.hotelinfantacristina.com)

Hotel Condestable Iranzo (http://www.hotelcondestableiranzo.com)

Hotel Europa (http://hoteleuropajaen.es/desktop/)

Hotel Xauen (http://www.hotelxauenjaen.com)

Travel

  • If you come by plane, the nearest airports are Granada-Jaen, Madrid and Malaga (www.aena-aeropuertos.es).
  • Granada-Jaen airport is one of the options to get to Jaen. Granada-Jaen airport is currently connected with direct flights to Madrid, Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca and some airports in France and Italy. When you arrive to the airport you have to take the airport shuttle to Granada’s coach station (a taxi can be too expensive), from where you will be able to take a coach to Jaen (60 minutes approx.; the main company –Alsa– runs 16 buses a day between Granada and Jaen). There are no trains from Granada to Jaen. There is also a direct shuttle
    service from Granada-Jaen airport to Jaen city centre (2 or more services a day depending on the season).
  • Madrid-Barajas Adolfo Suárez airport is connected to the main
    cities in the world. Once at the airport, you can get to the city center by underground (You can download a map of the “metro” at Madrid underground website: www.metromadrid.es). The airport’s underground line is line no. 8 (pink). If you decide to continue your journey to Jaen by train, change at Nuevos Ministerios and take line 10 (dark
    blue) to Renfe Chamartín. Recently, there is a direct train service between the terminal T4 of Madrid-Barajas airport to the Atocha train station. From this station there are direct trains to Jaen. Of course, you can take a taxi, but it will be much more expensive and not so fast. To get the schedules of trains to Jaen and even buy your ticket online, please visit www.renfe.es. The train ride from Madrid-Atocha station
    to Jaen takes about 3h and 40 minutes. If you want to continue your journey to Jaen by coach, change at Nuevos Ministerios and take line 6 (grey) to Méndez Álvaro coach station (Estación de Autobuses Sur, the company is called Samar www.samar.es, the journey to Jaén lasts 4-5 hours
    approx.). If you want to continue your journey by plane, you can fly from Madrid to Granada-Jaen airport.
  • Malaga airport is quite well connected to many European cities. You are likely to find cheap flights to and from Malaga, because of the high number of tourists that travel to the so- called Costa del Sol. For travelling from Malaga to Jaen, you must take one of the shuttle buses (or a taxi) connecting the airport to Malaga coach station. The coach company is called Alsa (www.alsa.es) and the journey by coach from Malaga to Jaen lasts 3 hours approx.

For any questions